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Detailed information

JP No. (Accession No.)245865
Plant nameMoth bean (V. aconitifolia): Domesticated Vigna
Scientific nameVigna aconitifolia (Jacq.) Marechal
Cultivar/Accession nameCOL/INDIA/2009/NIAS/2009TN67
SSD4548, VC80
ImageJP 245865 (Seedling) JP 245865 (Seed) JP 245865 (Flower) JP 245865 (Seed) JP 245865 (Seed) JP 245865 (Seed) JP 245865 (Seed) JP 245865 (Seedling) JP 245865 (Flower)
OriginINDIA
StatusWild
Collection sourceCollected
RemarksSeems to be a wild form of V. aconitifolia.-->Based on Takahashi et al. (2016), this accession was identified as V. aconitifolia (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0147568)
Collection No.2009TN67
Collection DateFeb 3, 2009
Collection siteca. 30km E of Attur, Viluppuram Province
Latitude/LongitudeGoogle Maps
Altitude120
Climate data
(WorldClim Ver 2.1)
Annual Mean Temperature: 28.7℃
Max Temperature of Warmest Month: 38℃
Min Temperature of Coldest Month: 20℃
Annual Precipitation: 982 mm
Precipitation of Wettest Month: 207 mm
Precipitation of Driest Month: 8 mm
Detail of collection sourcewild
Conserved partsseed
Sampling methodIndividual
Herbarium specimenAvailable
Environment of collection areaplain level
Topography of collection sitelevel
SoilSand
Information obtained at collection siteGrowing in a sorghum field. Seems to be a wild form of V. aconitifolia. Deeply lobed leaflet type.
Year of collection2008
Collection period1/27 - 2/13
Explored regionsTamil Nadu, India
Target plantsfood legume and their wild relatives
CollectorNorihiko TOMOOKA・Akito KAGA・Duncan A. VAUGHAN (NIAS), Muthaiyan PANDIYAN ・ Natesan SENTHIL ・ Nanappan RAMAMOORTHI (Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India)
ReferencesAnnual Report on Eploration and Introduction of PGR Vol. 25 : 83~109,2009
Conservation ID152997
Form of DistributionSeed
Standard Quantity of distribution20 seeds
OutcomesC Yundaeng, P Somta, K Amkul, A Kongjaimun, A Kaga, and N Tomooka (2019). Construction of genetic linkage map and genome dissection of domestication-related traits of moth bean (Vigna aconitifolia), a legume crop of arid areas. Molecular Genetics and Genomics 294: 621-635. [10.1007/s00438-019-01536-0]
K Iseki, Y Takahashi, C Muto, K Naito, N Tomooka (2018). Diversity of drought tolerance in the genus Vigna. Frontiers in Plant Science 9: 729. [10.3389/fpls.2018.00729]
Somta P, Jpmsangawong A, Yundaeng C, Yuan X, Chen J, Tomooka N, and Chen X (2018). Genetic dissection of azuki bean weevil (Callosobruchus chinensis L.) resistance in moth bean (Vigna aconitifolia [Jacq.] Marechal). Genes 9(11): 555. [10.3390/genes9110555]
Iseki K, Takahashi Y, Muto C, Naito K, and Tomooka N (2016). Diversity and Evolution of Salt Tolerance in the Genus Vigna. PLOS ONE 11(10): e0164711. [10.1371/journal.pone.0164711]
Takahashi Y, Somta P, Muto C, Iseki K, Naito K, Pandiyan M, Natesan S, Tomooka N (2016). Novel genetic resources in the genus Vigna unveiled from gene bank accessions. PLOS ONE 11(1): e0147568. [10.1371/journal.pone.0147568]
Germination percentage96%
AvailabilityYes

C&E Data (Conservation ID: 30069395, Sown on Jun 27, 2016)
Planting dateJun 27, 2016(IBARAKI, 2016)
Stem colorGreenbox plot(IBARAKI, 2016)
Germination typeIntermediatebox plot(IBARAKI, 2016)
Date of 50% floweringAug 19, 2016 短日処理なし(IBARAKI, 2016)
Flower color(Standard)Yellowbox plot(IBARAKI, 2016)
Flower color(Wing)Yellowbox plot(IBARAKI, 2016)
Flower color(Keel)Creambox plot(IBARAKI, 2016)
Growth habitTwining:Stems twining to trellisbox plot(IBARAKI, 2016)
Main stem length つる性(10cm)(IBARAKI, 2016)
Date of first pod maturitySep 5, 2016 2016/10/1より加温(最低温度15度設定)(IBARAKI, 2016)
Shattering in the fieldYesbox plot(IBARAKI, 2016)
Color of mature podPale brownbox plot(IBARAKI, 2016)
Mature pod pubescenceGlabrousbox plot(IBARAKI, 2016)
Pod length3.7 (cm)box plot(IBARAKI, 2016)
Seeds per pod6box plot(IBARAKI, 2016)
100 seed weight1.7 (g)box plot(IBARAKI, 2016)
Seed coat colorBrownbox plot(IBARAKI, 2016)
Seed mottled colorBlackbox plot(IBARAKI, 2016)
Seed length3.7 (mm)box plot(IBARAKI, 2016)
Seed width2.3 (mm)box plot(IBARAKI, 2016)
Seed thickness2.3 (mm)box plot(IBARAKI, 2016)