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Carnation [Dianthus caryophyllus L.]

  • Flower
  • Flower


Dianthus caryophyllus L. is native to the Mediterranean area. The genus name comes from the writing of Theophrastus about Dios Anthos, the flower of the gods.
The name carnation probably comes from its use by the ancient Greeks as a coronation flower.
Dianthus caryophyllus L. have been long cultivated in Europe, and much complex hybridization lines (e.g. D. plumarius, D. caesius, D. chinensis ) behind modern carnation cultivars.
Loosely tufted glabrous and glaucous perenn. to 80cm, with branched, woody stock. Leaves to 15cm, linear, flat and soft in texture, with conspicuous sheaths.
Fls Large, 1-5 in loose cymes on stiff, ascending stem, strongly fragrant; calyx 2.5-3 cm; epicalyx bracts 4 or 6, very broad, abruptly tapering to a long point, less than one quarter as long as calyx. ; petal limb 1-1.5 cm, irregularly toothed, not bearded, bright pink-purple.
Modern cultivars show an enormous range of colour, and are mostly double.
Carnation is utilized for cut-flower, potted, border. They have cymose inflorescences, hence they can be cultivated as either standard carnations or sprays.
Standard carnations are produced by removing all the lateral flower buds and leaving the terminal flower.
Sprays are formed by removing the terminal flower bud, which results in lateral flower bud development.
"Syokubutsu idensigen syuusei" (in Japanese)
"Saishin engei daiziten" (in Japanese)