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Oryza neocaledonica Morat

  • Distribution


Genome designation
GG (presumed)
Chromosome number
Diploid, 2n=24 (presumed)
New Caledonia
Key characteristics
Distinguished from O. meyeriana by its branching panicle.
Sclerophyll forest in the northwest of New Caledonia.
Potentially useful traits
Drought tolerance
This is the most recently described Oryza species and was restricted to about 1 ha of sclerophyll forest near the town of Poumbout. In part due to fire sclerophyll forests are among the most endangered habitats in New Caledonia ? the only place this species has been reported. Thus its continued existence in the wild is not assured but still exists in 2007.
Bouchet, P., T. Jaffre and J-M Veillon. 1995 Plant extinction in New Caledonia: protection of sclerophyll forests urgently needed. Biodiversity and Conservation 4:415-428
Jaffre, J., P. Bouchet and J-M Veillon. 1998. Threatened plants of New Caledonia: Is the system of protected areas adequate? Biodiversity and Conservation 7:109-135
Morat, P., T. Deroin, and H. Couderc. 1994. Presence en Nouvell-Caledonie d’une espece endemique du genre Oryza L. (Graminae). Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Paris 4 ser. 16. Section B. Adansonia no. 1:3-10.
Further information and photos of this species can be found at: